Sunday Morning Trivia – REASON…

Question: When you think about “reason” and those truly accomplished in reaching its pinnacle, who’s image pops into your mind?

According to Webster: “rea·son,” The basis or motive for an action, a decision, or a conviction.

For me, would be a long deceased Homo sapien by the name of, …

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 Johann Wolfgang von Gothe

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, 28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and politician. His body of work includes epic and lyric poetry written in a variety of metres and styles; prose and verse dramas; memoirs; an autobiography; literary and aesthetic criticism; treatises on botany, anatomy, and colour; and four novels.

In addition, numerous literary and scientific fragments, and more than 10,000 letters written by him are extant, as are nearly 3,000 drawings.

According to Webster: “ex·tant,” Still in existence; not destroyed, or lost.


The U.S. Constitution is extant!

A literary celebrity by the age of 25, Goethe was ennobled by the Duke of Saxe-Weimar, Carl August in 1782 after first taking up residence there in November of 1775 following the success of his first novel, The Sorrows of Young Werther.

He was an early participant in the Sturm und Drang literary movement. During his first ten years in Weimar, Goethe served as a member of the Duke’s privy council, sat on the war and highway commissions, oversaw the reopening of silver mines in nearby Ilmenau, and implemented a series of administrative reforms at the University of Jena.

He also contributed to the planning of Weimar’s botanical park and the rebuilding of its Ducal Palace, which in 1998 were together designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

After returning from a tour of Italy in 1788, Goethe published his first major work of a scientific nature, the Metamorphosis of Plants.

According to Webster: “met·a·mor·pho·sis,” A marked change in appearance, character, condition, or function.


In 1791 he was charged with managing the theatre at Weimar, and in 1794 he began a friendship with the dramatist, historian, and philosopher Friedrich Schiller, whose plays he premiered until Schiller’s death in 1805.

During this period Goethe published his second novel, Wilhelm Meister’s Apprenticeship, the verse epic Hermann and Dorothea, and, in 1808, the first part of his most celebrated drama, Faust.

His conversations and various common undertakings throughout the 1790s with Schiller, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Johann Gottfried Herder, Alexander von Humboldt, Wilhelm von Humboldt, and August and Friedrich Schlegel have, in later years, been collectively termed Weimar Classicism.

Arthur Schopenhauer cited Wilhelm Meister’s Apprenticeship as one of the four greatest novels ever writtenand Ralph Waldo Emerson selected Goethe, …

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..along with Plato,

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..and William Shakespeare. one of six “representative men” in his work of the same name.

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Goethe Quote: …

None are more hopelessly enslaved than those who falsely believe they are free.

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What the people don’t understand when Barack Obama says (yes we can) ..he’s talking about himself and Michelle, ..who have indeed “achieved what they set out to achieve”. As for those who voted for him, (in my considered opinion) ..will all suffer for riding the Obama wave.

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According to Webster: “log·ic,” The principles of reasoning, especially of the structure of propositions as distinguished from their content and of method and validity in deductive reasoning.

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Goethe’s comments and observations form the basis of several biographical works, most notably Johann Peter Eckermann’s Conversations with Goethe.

There are frequent references to Goethe’s various sayings and maxims throughout the course of Friedrich Nietzsche’s work and there are numerous allusions to Goethe in the novels of Hermann Hesse and Thomas Mann.

Goethe’s poems were set to music throughout the nineteenth century by a number of composers, including Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, Franz Schubert, Robert Schumann, Johannes Brahms, Charles Gounod, Richard Wagner, Hugo Wolf, and Gustav Mahler.

I am not one to be impressed by a lot of people, past or present, albeit with that said I have been impressed by

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“Johann Wolfgang von Gothe.” 

..since I was first introduced to him and his work more than 50 years ago.

If there is indeed a book where-in the names of Renaissance men are ledgered, “Johann Wolfgang von Gothe’s” name would truly have to be at the top of the page.

If Johann Wolfgang von Gothe has truly accomplished so much? You’re all wondering why you’ve never heard of him before…

Simple; for the same (reason) ..that “you” don’t know who Weldon Kees is, ..or Radcliffe Squires.

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There are degrees of literary obscurity. The unjust neglect one writer suffers can seem like renown compared to the utter oblivion that besets another. Weldon Kees (1914-1955) is obscure in that his remarkable poems still do not appear in many anthologies and remain unknown to most academic critics. Yet Kees’s poetry has never been out of print since it was first collected in 1960, and he is fervently admired by many influential poets in both the U.S. and Europe.

Radcliffe Squires (1917-1993) is more obscure. His poetry appears in no current anthologies, and there is nothing published about his work beyond its initial reviews except a few remembrances written at the time of his death. Yet any curious reader with Internet access can quickly track down most of his seven volumes of verse and five critical books. He is unknown, therefore, but not unknowable.

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Currently I have a reader base of between seven and 800 people worldwide. 80% of which (judging from my comment page), reside in nations and countries other than America.

According to Webster: “ob·scure,” So faintly perceptible as to lack clear delineation; indistinct. Out of sight; hidden.

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Albeit, with your help, ..I could become..

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Truth forges understanding, I’ll be back tomorrow


Crusader Rabbit…

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