Sunday Morning Trivia, ..Tattoos?

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mom tattoo 1a

Question: What is a tattoo?

According to Webster: “tat·too,” A permanent mark or design made on the skin by a process of pricking and ingraining an indelible pigment or by raising scars.

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Oetzi - oldest tattoo 1

(Oetzi – Mummy Est. 5300 years old).

No one can really state just when the history of tattoos all started. The oldest established tattoo was exposed in 1991. It was found on a mummy known as Oetzi, an Iceman dated to be at least 5300 years of age. His tattoos are comprised of horizontal and vertical lines. There’s a certain amount of debate about the reason the tattoos are there. 

Oetzi - mummy discovered 2

(Oetzi – discovered 1991).

Oetzi - mummy discovered 1

 (The Otztal Alps, on the border between Austria and Italy).

Oetzi - mummy tattoos 2

(Oetzi – had 57 tattoos in all).

His body and belongings are displayed in the South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology in Bolzano, South Tyrol, Italy.

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Question: What possesses an individual to mark their bodies with ink? 

A tattoo is a form of body modification, made by inserting indelible ink into the dermis layer of the skin to change the pigment. 

aboriginal tattoo 2a

The first written reference to the word, “tattoo” (or Samoan “Tatau”) appears in the journal of Joseph Banks, February 24, 1743 – June 19, 1820.

Joseph Banks was the naturalist aboard Captain James Cook’s ship the HMS Endeavour, Banks wrote: …

“I shall now mention the way they mark themselves indelibly, each of them is so marked by their humor or disposition”.

The word “tattoo” was brought to Europe by the explorer James Cook, when he returned in 1771 from his first voyage to Tahiti and New Zealand. In his narrative of the voyage, he refers to an operation called “tattaw”. Before this it had been described as scarring, painting, or staining.

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biker chick 1b

 (Going to the extreme) 

spider tattoo 1

(A trompe-l’œil spider tattoo).

Tattooing has been practiced for centuries in many cultures, particularly in Asia, and spread throughout the world.

face tattoo 1a

The Ainu, an indigenous people of Japan, traditionally had facial tattoos. Today, one can find Atayal, Seediq, Truku, and Saisiyat of Taiwan, Berbers of Tamazgha (North Africa), Yoruba, Fulani and Hausa people of Nigeria, and Māori of New Zealand with facial tattoos.

Polynesian tattoo 2a

Tattooing spread among Polynesians and among certain tribal groups in Africa, Borneo, Cambodia, Europe, Japan, the MentawaiIslands, MesoAmerica, New Zealand, North America and South America, the Philippines, and Taiwan.

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Indeed, the island of Great Britain takes its name from tattooing; Britons translates as “people of the designs”, and Picts, the peoples who originally inhabited the northern part of Britain, literally means “the painted people”. Despite some taboos surrounding tattooing, the practice continues to be popular in many parts of the world. 

biker tattoo 1

 Like with Americans who enjoy riding motorcycles…

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tattooed biker chick 1a

 ..and the women they hang with. 

tattooed biker chick 4a

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 Japan also has a long, long tradition with tattooing… 

Japanese tattoo 1a Japanese tattoo 2a

Japanese tattoo 3a Japanese tattoo 5a

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aboriginal tattoo  4a

 From Polynesia… 

butterfly tattoo 1a

..to the girl next door, although I am not a fan,

..as sure as life is a cycle…

tattoo logo 1a

 ..are on the planet to stay. 

Enjoy the day, I’ll be back tomorrow

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Crusader Rabbit…

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