Metaphysics and destiny, and/or kismet?

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Metaphysics is a traditional branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world, although the term is not easily defined. Traditionally, metaphysics attempts to answer two basic questions in the broadest possible terms: 

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What is there…

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..and what is it like?

A person who studies metaphysics is called a metaphysicist  or a metaphysician. The metaphysician attempts to clarify the fundamental notions by which people understand the world, e.g., existence, objects and their properties, space and time, cause and effect, and possibility. A central branch of metaphysics is ontology, the investigation into the basic categories of being and how they relate to each other. Another central branch of metaphysics is cosmology, the study of the totality of all phenomena within the universe.

Prior to the modern history of science, scientific questions were addressed as a part of metaphysics known as natural philosophy. Originally, the term “science” (Latin scientia) simply meant “knowledge”. The scientific method, however, transformed natural philosophy into an empirical activity deriving from experiment unlike the rest of philosophy. By the end of the 18th century, it had begun to be called “science” to distinguish it from philosophy. Thereafter, metaphysics denoted philosophical enquiry of a non-empirical character into the nature of existence. Some philosophers of science, such as the neo-positivists, say that natural science rejects the study of metaphysics, while other philosophers of science strongly disagree.

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Destiny or fate is a predetermined course of events. It may be conceived as a predetermined future, whether in general or of an individual. It is a concept based on the belief that there is a fixed natural order to the cosmos.

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Kismet is a word meaning fate or destiny, a predetermined course of events. Of Arabic origin, the word spread to Persian and Turkish where, as kısmet, it commonly means “luck”. Currently found in a number of languages, including Bulgarian, Macedonian, Albanian, Arabic, and Hindi.

The first recorded use of the word in English was by Edward Backhouse Eastwick who used the word, spelled kismat, in his 1849 novel Dry Leaves from Young Egypt.

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(Edward Backhouse Eastwick).

Edward Backhouse Eastwick,  was a British orientalist, diplomat and Conservative Member of Parliament.

(Sidebar).

According to Webster: “o·ri·en·tal·ism,” 1. A quality, mannerism, or custom specific to or characteristic of the Orient. 2. Scholarly knowledge of eastern cultures, languages, and peoples.

Continuing…

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To punish me for my contempt for authority, fate made me an authority myself. – Albert Einstein. 

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Fate controls who walks into your life, but you decide who you let walk out, who you let stay, and who you refuse to let go. – (Appropriately) – anonymous.

Truth forges understanding, I’ll be back tomorrow

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Crusader Rabbit…

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