Lucy out of Africa..

Lucy out of Africa 4

One of the most hotly debated issues in paleoanthropology (the study of human origins) focuses on the origins of modern humans, Homo sapiens.

Roughly 100,000 years ago, the Old World was occupied by a morphologically diverse group of hominids. In Africa and the Middle East there was Homo sapiens; in Asia, Homo erectus; and in Europe, Homo neanderthalensis.

However, by 30,000 years ago this taxonomic diversity vanished and humans everywhere had evolved into the anatomically and behaviorally modern form. The nature of this transformation is the focus of great deliberation between two schools of thought: one that stresses multiregional continuity and the other that suggests a single origin for modern humans.

The Multiregional Continuity Modelcontends that after Homo erectus left Africa and dispersed into other portions of the Old World, regional populations slowly evolved into modern humans.

This model contains the following components:

  • some level of gene flow between      geographically separated populations prevented speciation, after the      dispersal
  • all living humans derive from      the species Homo erectus      that left Africa nearly two      million-years-ago
  • natural selection in regional      populations, ever since their original dispersal, is responsible for the      regional variants (sometimes called the races) we see today.
  • the emergence of Homo sapiens was not restricted      to any one area, but was a phenomenon that occurred throughout the entire      geographic range where humans lived

In contrast, the Out of Africa Modelasserts that modern humans evolved relatively recently in Africa, migrated into Eurasia and replaced all populations which had descended from Homo erectus. Critical to this model are the following tenets:

  • after Homo erectus migrated out of Africa      the different populations became reproductively isolated, evolving      independently, and in some cases like the Neanderthals, into separate      species
  • Homo      sapiens arose in      one place, probably Africa (geographically this includes the Middle East)
  • Homo      sapiens ultimately      migrated out of Africa and replaced all      other human populations, without interbreeding
  • modern human variation is a      relatively recent phenomenon

The multiregional view posits that genes from all human populations of the Old World flowed between different regions and by mixing together, contributed to what we see today as fully modern humans.

The replacement hypothesis suggests that the genes in fully modern humans all came out of Africa. As these peoples migrated they replaced all other human populations with little or no interbreeding.

To understand this controversy, the anatomical, archaeological, and genetic evidence needs to be evaluated.

Anatomical evidence…

Sometime prior to 1 million years ago early hominids, sometimes referred to as Homo ergaster, exited Africa and dispersed into other parts of the Old World.

Living in disparate geographical areas their morphology became diversified through the processes of genetic drift and natural selection.

  • In Asia      these hominids evolved into Peking Man and Java Man, collectively referred      to as Homo erectus.
  • In Europe and western Asia they evolved into the Neanderthals.

Neanderthals lived in quasi isolation in Europe during a long, relatively cool period that even included glaciations.

Neanderthals are distinguished by a unique set of anatomical features, including:

  • a large, long, low cranial      vault with a well-developed double-arched browridge
  • a massive facial skeleton with      a very projecting mid-face, backward sloping cheeks, and large nasal      aperture, with large nasal sinuses
  • an oddly shaped occipital      region of the skull with a bulge or bun
  • molars with enlarged pulp      chambers, and large, often very heavily worn incisors
  • a mandible lacking a chin and      possessing a large gap behind the last molar
  • a massive thorax, and      relatively short forearms and lower legs
  • although short in stature they      possessed robustly built skeletons with thick walled limb bones
  • long clavicles and very wide      scapulas.

By 130,000 years ago, following a prolonged period of independent evolution in Europe, Neanderthals were so anatomically distinct that they are best classified as a separate species, Homo neanderthalensis.

This is a classic example of geographic isolation leading to a speciation event.

In contrast, at roughly the same time, in Africa, a body plan essentially like our own had appeared. While these early Homo sapiens were anatomically modern they were not behaviorally modern. It is significant that modern anatomy evolved prior to modern behavior. These early sapiens were characterized by:

  • a cranial vault with a vertical      forehead, rounded occipital and reduced brow ridge
  • a reduced facial skeleton      lacking a projecting mid-face
  • a lower jaw sporting a chin
  • a more modern, less robustly      built skeleton.

Hence, the anatomical and paleogeographic evidence suggests that Neanderthals and early modern humans had been isolated from one another and were evolving separately into two distinct species. (Source,)…


Donald C.Johanson jpg

  (Donald C. Johanson)

No matter what people look like or where their families have lived for generations, acclaimed fossil hunter Donald C. Johanson says, the qualities that make them human can be traced to a (single location).

“Each and every one of us in this room, regardless of the color of our skin, is an African,” Johanson told a standing-room-only crowd at the University of Delaware for the annual Dr. Arnold M. Clark Memorial Lecture. “Whenever we grasp a branch of the human tree, its roots go back to Africa.”

 Lucy out of Africa 3

(Lucy – conjectural re-creation)

Johanson, a professor and founding director of the Institute of Human Origins at ArizonaStateUniversity, is best known for his groundbreaking 1974 discovery in Ethiopia of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton that is viewed as a transitional fossil between ape and human. Dubbed “Lucy” after a Beatles song Johanson had recently heard, the fossil led to major revisions in scientific thought about human ancestry.

In his lecture at UD, Johanson noted that Lucy has become “an icon of paleoanthropology” and a benchmark against which later discoveries have been compared as scientists seek to understand where various fossils fit into the evolutionary process. Evidence shows, for example, that Lucy was an adult female, about 3-and-a-half feet tall and 60-65 pounds, with short legs and long arms. She had a softball-size brain, comparable to modern apes, but stood and walked upright as humans do.

Johanson described the day he happened to notice a tiny bone on the ground in the Ethiopian portion of East Africa’s Rift Valley, where the geology has left a treasure trove of fossils and, he said, “has opened a window to the past.” He recognized the bone as a human elbow, and he and his team eventually uncovered Lucy’s fairly complete skeleton in that location.

 Lucy out of Africa 2

(Lucy’s – re-constructed skeleton)

“This was a major breakthrough at the time,” he said, because previous discoveries from the same time period consisted only of small fragments. But Lucy was just the start, Johanson said, describing how paleoanthropologists have since found more than 500 fragments of her same species from various sites in Africa.

He noted that other information has also come to light, the result of scientific research that has mapped the human genome. Based on that genetic information, it’s clear that humans originated in southern Africa and moved from there into other parts of the world, he said, describing an evolutionary “tree” in which species developed, adapted and, often, died out.

“We are all united by the past,” Johanson said, calling for humanity to take responsibility for protecting the natural world for future generations. “Today, we are globally a common species. We are the ones that survived.”

 Ardipithecua Ramidus !

(Fossil Skeleton From Africa Predates Lucy)

Ardi, short for Ardipithecus ramidus, is the newest fossil skeleton out of Africa to take its place in the gallery of human origins. At an age of 4.4 million years, it lived well before and was much more primitive than the famous 3.2-million-year-old Lucy, of the species Australopithecus afarensis.

Ardipithecus Ramidus 2a1

 (Ardipithecus Ramidus)

Since finding fragments of the older hominid in 1992, an international team of scientists has been searching for more specimens and on Thursday presented a fairly complete skeleton and their first full analysis.

By replacing Lucy as the earliest known skeleton from the human branch of the primate family tree,…

 discovering Ardi 1a

(Discovering Ardi)

Ardi 2a

(Ardi – conceptual re-construction)

..the scientists said, Ardi opened a window to “the early evolutionary steps that our ancestors took after we diverged from our common ancestor with chimpanzees.”

 chimpanzee 1a

The older hominid was already so different from chimps that it suggested “no modern ape is a realistic proxy for characterizing early hominid evolution,” they wrote.

The Ardipithecus specimen, an adult female, probably stood four feet tall and weighed about 120 pounds, almost a foot taller and twice the weight of Lucy. Its brain was no larger than a modern chimp’s. It retained an agility for tree-climbing but already walked upright on two legs, a transforming innovation in hominids, though not as efficiently as Lucy’s kin.

Ardi’s feet had yet to develop the arch-like structure that came later with Lucy and on to humans. The hands were more like those of extinct apes. And its very long arms and short legs resembled the proportions of extinct apes, or even monkeys. (Source,

Ardipithecus Ramidus had a more primitive walking ability than later hominids, and could not walk or run for long distances.

The teeth suggest omnivory, and are more generalised than those of modern apes.

Ardipithecus Kadabba…

 Ardipithecus Kadabba bones

Ardipithecus kadabba fossils…

Ardipithecus kadabba is “known only from teeth and bits and pieces of skeletal bones,” and is dated to approximately 5.6 million years ago.

It has been described as a “probable chronospecies” (i.e. ancestor) of Ardipithecus ramidus. Although originally considered a subspecies of Ardipithecus Ramidus, in 2004 anthropologists Yohannes Haile-Selassie, Gen Suwa, and Tim D. White published an article elevating Ardipithecus Kadabba to species level on the basis of newly-discovered teeth from Ethiopia.

These teeth show “primitive morphology and wear pattern” which demonstrate that Ardipithecus Kadabba is a distinct species from A. ramidus. The specific name comes from the (Afar) word for “basal family ancestor”.(Source Wikipedia).

Well boys and girls, ..that’s enough about Lucy and Ardi and the anthropological science concerning how Homo sapiens developed from (hedonistic) ..beasts of the forest, ..into “hedonistic” politicians, ..that unambiguously believe what is yours, theirs, ..and what is theirs, theirs.

 Obama drinking 2

 (I’ll drink to that).

According to Webster: “he”don·is“tic,” The doctrine holding that behavior is motivated by the desire for pleasure and the avoidance of pain.

Question: “Does Barack Obama feel America’s pain?

Think about it, I’ll be back tomorrow


Crusader Rabbit…

Trick Question..

where did you grow up 2

Where did you grow up?

Question: Is adulthood measured by physical progression, emotional stability or intellectual development?

Take your pick, ..or create your own, there is no right answer or wrong answer, ..the measure of “childhood and adulthood are 100% subjective.”

According to Webster: “sub·jec·tive,” 1. Proceeding from or taking place within a person’s mind such as to be unaffected by the external world. b. Particular to a given person.

Consequently, since this is my blog, ..and I have full editorial discretion, ..I’m going to go with what I believe.

Which of course is simple; “An adult is an individual (who is not) distracted from responsibility.” Which of course, ..makes my definition of a child; “An individual (who is distracted from responsibility).

Accordingly, (at least in my considered opinion), ..although children do not qualify as adults until they both “understand and accept” responsibility… adult can revert to childhood in the blink of an eye or the drop of a hat.

 bicycle 2

When I was a child, I had a bicycle that I utilized, ..both for transportation, (an adult modality) ..and fun, ..a childhood pursuit.

 biker 2

Later when I came to understand and accept responsibility, I purchased a motorcycle, ..and/or, (a bicycle) ..that you don’t have to paddle, ..and that instantly transports adults back to their childhood.

We, ..people, (men and women), ..individually, ..or in groups, (we never really grow up). Although some, ..grow wiser, ..we all grow older, ..wisdom and age can be a benefit, ..albeit no single trait or belief makes us grown-ups, ..and “those” ..that claim the title, ..are knowingly or unknowingly misleading the rest of us.

 bumper car 3

Case in point, favorite (man child) “critique,” Barack Hussein Obama.

One day he stands before the Nation eloquently explicating a masterfully composed proclamation from his teleprompter and the next he sounds like a blithering idiot expounding his belief that government is no longer about the people,…

 Obama wrippin the Constitution.1a jpg

..but rather the government is (NOW) about him.

Over the last twenty-three months, ..long months, ..I have expounded, criticized, ostracized, and many times literally undressed this man in front of America.

I’ve exposed the “un-American ” environment that Barack Obama was subjected to as a child, ..a (selfish) father that deserted him to pursue his education, (equally selfish) mother who sent him to live with her parents so she could pursue her quests, ..mentors who were devout members of the communist party, ..attending a grade school in Jakarta, Indonesia that required allegiance to the Muslim faith.

 Obama the first child 1a

And America is supposed to believe that this child grew up to be a well-adjusted patriotic Christian?

 I am your duly elected leader 2

My personal opinion, ..”No way in Hell.”

Cutting to the chase, ..I believe who we were as children, who we are as adults, .. so, (in my humble opinion) is not humanly possible for one to escape the other 

Have a great day, I’ll be back tomorrow


Crusader Rabbit…

Question of the day..

Pharaoh Obama 4a

Is Barack Obama posturing to become the first Pharaoh of America?

Obama’s EEOC: We’ll Sue You If You Don’t Hire Criminals.

Friday, 15 Feb 2013 10:52 AM

By Jim Meyers..

The Obama administration’s Equal Employment Opportunity Commission says it should be a federal crime to refuse to hire ex-convicts, and threatens to sue businesses that don’t employ criminals.

In April the EEOC unveiled its “Enforcement Guidance on the Consideration of Arrest and Conviction Records,” which declares that “criminal record exclusions have a disparate impact based on race and national origin.”

The impetus for this “guidance” is that black men are nearly seven times more likely than white men to serve time in prison, and therefore refusals to hire convicts disproportionally impact blacks, according to a Wall Street Journal opinion piece by James Bovard, a libertarian author and lecturer whose books include “Freedom in Chains: The Rise of the State and the Demise of the Citizen.”

Most businesses perform background checks on potential employees, but the EEOC frowns on these checks and “creates legal tripwires that could spark federal lawsuits,” Bovard observes.

An EEOC commissioner who opposed the new policy, Constance Baker, said in April that the new guidelines will scare businesses from conducting background checks.

Reason: If a check does disclose a criminal offense, the EEOC expects a firm to do an “individual assessment” that will have to prove that the company has a “business necessity” not to hire the ex-convict. If the firm does not do the intricate assessment, it could be found guilty of “race discrimination” if it hires a law-abiding applicant over one with convictions.

Bovard points out that the “biggest bombshell” in the new guidelines is that businesses complying with state or local laws requiring background checks can still be sued by the EEOC.

That came to light when the EEOC took action against G4S Secure Solutions, which provides guards for nuclear power plants and other sensitive sites, for refusing to hire a twice-convicted thief as a security guard, …

 Obama says hire me

 ..even though Pennsylvania state law forbids hiring people with felony convictions as security officers.

Bovard quotes Todd McCracken of the National Small Business Association: “State and federal courts will allow potentially devastating tort lawsuits against businesses that hire felons who commit crimes at the workplace or in customers’ homes. Yet the EEOC is threatening to launch lawsuits if they do not hire those same felons.”

Bovard concludes: “Americans can treat ex-offenders humanely without giving them legal advantages over similar individuals without criminal records.” (Source,

Question: Is our Commander-in-Chief actually that stupid?

According to Webster: “stu·pid,” (any way you cut it). Slow to learn or understand; obtuse. 2. Lacking or marked by a lack of intelligence. 3. In a stupor; stupefied. 4. In a dazed or stunned state. 5. Pointless; worthless.

Editorial: Does this person, ..the individual presently living at 1600 Pennsylvania Ave. in Washington D.C., not understand that (America is his boss), ..(he is not America’s boss).

He was elected, .. and/or, ..hired to manage the business of America, ..he was not hired to turn the U.S. Constitution into confetti. Do human rights, ..civil rights, and, (individual’s rights) ..only apply (in Barack Obama’s Mind) if the individual in question is black?

 racist hanging with his own

According to Webster: “rac“ist,” One who believes that race accounts for differences in human character or ability and that one particular race is superior to another.”

According to Webster: “fa·vor·it·ism,” A display of partiality toward a favored person or group.

What happened to I’m not the president of white America, or black America, I am the president of everyone in America.

Have men and women who own and operate businesses in America suddenly and without notice been excommunicated from citizenship and the protections of the Bill of Rights?

..the original Bill of Rights, ..not a piece of “Charman” signed by Barack Obama.

Postscript: …

 Al Franken

Think about it, I’ll be back tomorrow


Crusader Rabbit…

Do wealthy Old White Men have rights?

Ebenezer Scrooge 1

          (Ebenezer, ..what’s his name).

Speaking for myself, ..and from my own experiences, a 71-year-old (not wealthy) white man, (who purchases lottery tickets twice a week).

I can truthfully say that I have never met anyone who would not like to be a ..(wealthy old white man). While in the same breath, I can just as honestly say; “I have never met anyone who has related to me that they would prefer to be a ..(poor old black person), ..or a poor old person of any ethnicity.

Question: Why at this particular time in history, ..(with a few chosen exceptions of course) ..are rich old white men being villainized?

Could it (possibly) be because the individual currently living in the White House thinks like a disenfranchised black man?

 Barack and Elizabeth 1

Because, (at least in my interpretation) ..he sure isn’t living like a disenfranchised black man.

Moving forward, ..(again with a few exceptions, ..very few), disenfranchised individuals, ..of any “ethnicity,” ..have ever contributed any significant contribution to the advancement, and/or, ..betterment of mankind.

Nonetheless, history has recorded many (monkey wrenches) thrown into the mix to give “credence” to the disenfranchised masses. Albeit, history also records that the (eventual result) is always the same.

In my 46 years in the American workforce, ..I neither sought employment from, ..or was hired by a hobo…


Question: Do Hobos have rights?

Because now that I’ve asked the question, ..I’m at a loss to recall any group or organization that has ever advocated for Hobo’s rights.

There are advocate groups for civil rights, women’s rights, children’s rights, animal’s rights, environmental rights, gay’s rights, gun rights, prisoner’s rights, human rights, the (Left’s) rights, ..and so on and so on, ..albeit, there are (no advocate groups) ..for Hobo’s rights, ..and moving beyond, ..I’ve also never heard of an advocate group for the (Right’s) rights.

Come on people, ..this is “America,” of the (free) ..and home of the (brave), get your heads out of your armpits and give (rich old white men) there due.

They built this country from the ground up, so get off of their backs and get on the bandwagon, ..we need to give “rich old white men” a parade.

 Rich people rule 1

As for our Commander-in-Chief…

 George and Bo 1


I’ll be back tomorrow


Crusader Rabbit…

One law for black folks, ..and another law for whites?

voter fraud 2aI voted for Obama twice

Question of the Day: “Under the (Obama Administration,) the law black and white?”  ..or is it black, (or) white?

The (BIG DEAL) is, ..although (voting is a right) America, until you get caught voting twice, (ie) ..voter fraud, which point voting ceases to be a (right) and becomes, a (privilege) that (you lose) ..when you go to jail.

If you don’t believe me, ..find yourself a convicted felon and ask him or her.

American citizens, (whether or not) they have the intellect to understand the “Rights and Privileges” (granted to them) by the Constitution of this great Nation, ..they (do indeed) have the same rights and privileges to vote, ..the same “Freedom of Speech” ..and the same “Freedom of the Press” and the same “Right to Keep and Bear Arms,” and the same right to be protected from unreasonable search and seizure without a warrant, those (with) the intellect to understand what a (BIG DEAL) it is to be an American citizen.

What the people with the intellect to make statements like; “Yeah, I voted for Obama twice, what’s the big deal.” ..made by Mrs. Richardson of Cincinnati in the public domain don’t understand is; “Barack Obama (is not) her friend, nor is he her savior, ..or her benefactor in any way shape or form that has true value.”

Barack Obama is not a champion bent on rescuing the black population from poverty. He is in fact, ..(nothing more, ..or nothing less) ..than a politician bent on securing his own rise from poverty, ..and (if I do say so myself), ..he has done an admirable job of rescuing himself from poverty.

The sad thing for Mrs. Richardson, (who I’m sure has a very good heart), ..while Barack and Michelle Obama dine, ..drink fine wine, ..and enjoy the amenities at the White House for the next four years, ..Mrs. Richardson will be dining, (without fine wine) ..and enduring the amenities at the big House.

Shame on you Mrs. Richardson, not for voting twice, ..but rather for being (intellectually challenged) enough to vote twice.

Think about it, I’ll be back tomorrow


Crusader Rabbit…

One Time Offer..

Chinese symbol for regret

 Please, ..don’t make me regret this…

With that said, as the Lions share, ..and/or, ..a majority of my readers have requested an inroad to communicate with me, I have established an independent “G-mail” address, ..for that specific purpose…


I will respond to intelligent communications.

..from Proponents, ..or Antagonist.

Thank You,


WebMaster – Pearls of Profundity.

The Pot calling the Kettle black..

the pot calling the kettle blac

The phrase “The pot calling the kettle black” is an, ..(idiom) used to claim that a person is guilty of the very thing of which they accuse another. (Source Wikipedia).

According to Webster: “id·i·om,” ..(¹d“¶-…m) A speech form or an expression of a given language that is peculiar to itself grammatically or cannot be understood from the individual meanings of its elements.

Interpretations and origins…

As generally understood, the person accusing (the “pot”) is understood to share some quality with the target of their accusation (the “kettle”). The pot is mocking the kettle for a little soot when the pot itself is thoroughly covered in the same.

An alternative interpretation, recognized by some, but not all sources is that the pot is sooty (being placed on a fire), while the kettle is clean and shiny (being placed on coals only), and hence when the pot accuses the kettle of being black, it is the pot’s own sooty reflection that it sees: the pot accuses the kettle of a fault that only the pot has, rather than one that they share. (Source Wikipedia).

So what does the phrase the pot calling the kettle black have to do with today’s offering?

Absolutely nothing!

Unless of course you have the imagination to consider an alternative? Such as Aesop’s fable of (the snake in the crab), where-in the crab is an honest character who kills the snake for the common good.

If you allude to the following poem that is found in the school book “Maxwell’s Elementary Grammar”, copyright 1904…

“Oho!” said the pot to the kettle;
“You are dirty and ugly and black!
Sure no one would think you were metal,
Except when you’re given a crack.”

“Not so! not so!” kettle said to the pot;
“‘Tis your own dirty image you see;
For I am so clean – without blemish or blot –
That your blackness is mirrored in me.”

Then one could justify an inroad, (albeit a thin one) into an article written by Cyrus Afzali, published on 13, February, 2013, ..entitled;

Van Jones: Rubio Is ‘Dangerous’ to Democrats…

 Van Jones fist in your face

Sen. Marco Rubio’s delivery of the GOP response to the State of the Union shows he’s a force the Democrats must reckon with, says former White House advisor Van Jones.

The Florida Republican poses a “dangerous” political threat to Democrats because of his keen ability to emotionally connect with voters, Jones said.

The most talked-about point in Rubio’s speech has become his off-camera lunge for a bottle of water. But on CNN on Wednesday, Jones said, “People can chuckle today. But they’re going to be worried about him tomorrow.”

When asked by CNN anchor Carol Costello whether the only takeaway most viewers most viewers would have from Rubio was his stumble, Jones said he believed Democrats “dodged a bullet.”

“Rubio is dangerous for Democrats,” Jones said. “I’m so glad we’re talking about him and we’re joking about him because right when he reached for that water bottle, he was reaching an emotional part of the speech which he stepped on.”

Jones said the while Florida’s junior senator “has an extreme record,” Rubio’s political skill shone through in the last 90 seconds of his speech, which Jones said was “extremely powerful.”

“(Rubio) is to the heart what Paul Ryan is to the head,” Jones said. “This man can connect emotionally. Democrats dodged a bullet.”  (Source

Anthony Kapel “Van” Jones (born September 20, 1968) is an American environmental advocate, civil rights activist, and attorney.

Jones is a co-founder of four non-profit organizations. In 1996, he founded the EllaBakerCenter for Human Rights, a California non-governmental organization (NGO) working for alternatives to violence.

In 2005, he co-founded Color of Change, an advocacy group for African Americans. In 2007, he founded Green for All, a national NGO dedicated to “building an inclusive green economy strong enough to lift people out of poverty.”

In 2011, he founded Rebuild the Dream, a national advocacy organization working towards a fairer economy. His first book, The Green Collar Economy, was released on October 7, 2008, and reached number 12 on the New York Times Best Seller list.

In 2008, Time magazine named Jones one of its “Heroes of the Environment”.

Fast Company called him one of the “12 Most Creative Minds of 2008”.

In March 2009 Jones was appointed by President Barack Obama to the newly created position of Special Advisor for Green Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation at the White House Council on Environmental Quality, where he worked with various “agencies and departments to advance the administration’s climate and energy initiatives, with a special focus on improving vulnerable communities.

In July 2009 he became “embroiled in a controversy” over his past political activities, including a public comment disparaging congressional Republicans, his name appearing on a petition for, and allegations of association with a Marxist group during the 1990s. For these issues, Van Jones was heavily criticized by conservatives.

Jones resigned from the position in early September 2009. “On the eve of historic fights for health care and clean energy, opponents of reform have mounted a vicious smear campaign against me,” Jones said in his resignation statement. “They are using lies and distortions to distract and divide.”

Jones is currently a senior fellow at the Center for American Progress and a senior policy advisor at Green for All. Jones also holds a joint appointment at PrincetonUniversity, as a distinguished visiting fellow in both the Center for African American Studies and in the Program in Science, Technology and Environmental Policy at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. (Source Wikipedia).

 Van Jones fist in the air 1a

Question: Why does an intelligent, ..”educated” individual choose revolution?

Don’t intelligent educated individuals understand that conflict (passive or violent) ..isn’t good for anyone?

Human beings, at least (in my humble opinion), ..are guided by one of two things, (love)” ..or, (hatred). Men and women guided by “love” historically unite, ..whereas, ..those guided by “hatred” ..historically divide.

 Marco Rubio in front of the fla

Marco Antonio Rubio (born May 28, 1971) is the junior United States Senator from Florida, serving since January 2011. A member of the Republican Party, he previously served as Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives (2007–2009).

A Cuban American native of Miami, Florida, Rubio is a graduate of the University of Florida and the University of Miami Law School.

In the late 1990s, he served as a City Commissioner for West Miami and was elected to the Florida House of Representatives in 2000, representing the 111th House district. He was elected Speaker in November 2006.

Rubio announced a run for U.S. Senate in May 2009 after incumbent Republican Mel Martinez resigned. Initially trailing by double-digits against the incumbent Republican Governor Charlie Crist, Rubio eventually surpassed him in polling for the Republican nomination.

Rubio won the Republican nomination after Crist opted instead for an independent run. In a three-way split against Crist and Democratic candidate Kendrick Meek, Rubio won the general election in November 2010 with 48.9 percent of the vote.

The term “crown prince of the Tea Party movement” has been used both as praise and ridicule, although Rubio has no direct connection to that movement. While it was reported in June 2012 that Mitt Romney was vetting Rubio as a possible running mate, Romney ultimately selected Paul Ryan.

Rubio gave the Republican response to President Barack Obama’s 2013 State of the Union Address.

Rubio voted against the 2012 Fiscal Cliff Resolutions in the hopes of maintaining principles with the party.

Although he has received criticism for this position and is said to be alienating members of the Republican party, he remains resolute in his goals to keep taxes lowered.

He has been accused by some of being too extreme within the party and could potentially cause a divide.

Whereas Paul Ryan is seen as more of a political pragmatist in his support for the resolution to gain popular support, …

  Marco Rubio at work

Rubio prefers his principled stances.

Rubio rose to prominence through his base due to his pledge for fiscal responsibility and determination on not raising taxes.

However, despite his constant resilience on fiscal platforms, in 2012 he urged his party to compromise on the DREAM Act to keep from alienating Hispanic voters from the Republican party.

When he delivered the official response to the 2013 State of the Union address, liberal commentators criticized Rubio for blaming government actions as being the main cause of the housing crisis; saying that it had been laxity of regulation he had supported which lead to the problem. (Source Wikipedia).

 Marco Rubio hand up and open

 Rubio with arm raised, albeit, please note his hand is open. 

Although there is a fraction among my readers who believe that I have some knowledge of the future, I don’t. Which is testified to by the fact that in “twenty” years of buying lottery tickets, ..I have yet to hit the jackpot.

I’m just an ordinary old guy that believes in right over wrong and spends a portion of each day seeking the truth.

 Little Abner 2

With that said, I’ll dip into Little Abner’s world for a moment and offer this advice; …

“If I had my druthers, ..I’d “druther” support a man displaying an open hand, ..than a man displaying a closed fist.”

Uphold what you believe in, I’ll be back tomorrow


Crusader Rabbit…

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