money down a whole 1a

Albeit the fact, ..that Merriam-Webster refuses to recognize (unsustainable) as a legitimate, ..and/or, ..proper word, I find it necessary to implement Plan “B.”

According to Webster: “sus·tain“a·ble,” To keep in existence; maintain.

Accordingly, alluding to old-school, “God-given” (common sense), ..the opposite of “sustainable” would be (unable) to keep in existence, ..or maintain.

 Bridge to nowhere 2

And/or, ..another bridge to nowhere…

Question: Is there anyone still out there, who isn’t aware that both, America’s corn and wheat crops have been devastated by drought for the past several years, with last year topping the charts as one of the worst years in 30 years.

For those of you who cast your votes for our (buy now pay later) commander-in-chief in November, ..know this, even if Barack Obama was a man of his word, which he has proven (time and time again) ..that he isn’t.

I hope that you can find a path to take solace in knowing that although (your) free lunches “aren’t” a realistic option…

 Obama indulgence 1

..your “Commander in Chief’s” (free lunches) ..are still a “reality” that you can hang your hat on.

Think about it, I’ll be back tomorrow


Crusader Rabbit…

Gun Violence Forum..

On Sunday, January 27, in order to gain a little “insight” into what a group of “our” U.S.F.’s are up to these days? I tuned into C-SPAN’s airing of “our” (Gun Violence prevention Task Force).

What is a U.S.F. you ask? Good question.

 unenlightened space fritter 1a

If you are an individual fortunate enough to have been born a “like amount” of the intellect, and/or, ..the (common sense) that God granted a clown fish…

 clown fish 3

 ..then you know that you don’t have to watch C-SPAN, ..and/or, “our” ..overpaid, ..overrated elected officials, ..more than a few minutes before you understand that they are (not only) wasting, ..and/or, (frittering) ..their time away, ..they’re “frittering” your time away as well.

According to Webster: “frit·ter,” To reduce or squander little by little.

So of course, I didn’t watch the entire proceedings, albeit I did watch long enough to observe a gentleman from the San Diego county’s “Health and Human Services Administration,” a Dr. Robert Ross explicate as to how (70%) ..of the young brown and black boys in his high school district, ..read at a “third grade” level or below.


 (Another Bridge to nowhere).

Followed by an equally inept senator Holt, who ask if there were any “statistics” in the field of “psychiatry” ..that would provide an insight into who (might) be capable of committing mass murder?

I suppose I could look up Dr. Robert Ross, ..and Sen. Holt’s backgrounds, ..but then, (the truth be told) ..I’m simply not that interested in researching a couple more academics with their heads in their armpits.

According to Webster: “i·ro·ny,” Incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs.

According to every talking head since the tragedy at Sandy Hook elementary school, whether an elected official, or one of America’s (too many) teleprompter reading buffoons, the rhetoric is dominated by; “What can “we” do to make “our” children safer?”

..and of course since “they,” ..”our” elected officials, ..and “our” teleprompter reading buffoons alike don’t have the capacity or the will to use words any stronger than, (I feel), or (I think), ..there will be nothing done.

According to (freerepublic.com): Out of the 13,636 “murders, and/or, ..”homicides” reported in 2012, ..less than 348 of the deaths were attributed to assault rifles.

..and yes, ..I’m just as interested as you are? ..as to (how) a (statistic) ..could be justified as; (less than 348), ..as alluding to my God-given “common sense,” ..less than 348 would be 347. (Unless of course, someone killed half a person, and/or, they only killed a person halfway?

Albeit, if that isn’t strange enough for you, ..in the same headline (free Republic.com) reports that 801 of the 13,636 murders committed in 2012, were committed by hands and feet.

Not that I’m adverse to believing that an individual can be murdered by someone’s hands and feet, albeit, since I do believe that it would be extremely difficult, ..if not impossible to find a legislator, ..(anywhere in the nation) that would vote for a bill to ban hands and feet, I think I should move on.

Turning to FBI statistics…

According to the FBI annual crime statistics, the number of murders committed annually with hammers and clubs far outnumbers the number of murders committed with rifles.

In 2005, the number of murders committed with a rifle was 445, while the number of murders committed with hammers and clubs was 605.

In 2006, the number of murders committed with a rifle was 438, while the number of murders committed with hammers and clubs was 618.

And so the list goes on, with the actual numbers changing somewhat from year to year, yet the fact that more people are killed with blunt objects each year remains constant.

In 2011, there were 323 murders committed with a rifle and 496 murders committed with hammers and clubs. (Source breitbart.com).

Although drunk drivers have been convicted of vehicular murder, ..my intentions with the statistics that I have gleaned from various sources, I provide for no other purpose than to expose the “hypocrisy” being splashed about by our (far left) liberal elected officials, ..and our (far left) liberal teleprompter reading buffoons to substantiate their contempt for America’s Second Amendment.

 drunk driving statistics 1a 

So once again folks,…

 guns don't kill people 

People kill people, ..(irresponsible) people, ..with ..(no moral values).

According to my brief research, (statistically), ..people with “hands and feet” ..have fewer moral values that people who own assault rifles.

People with “hammers and clubs” (statistically) have fewer moral values than people who own assault rifles.

..and of course although it goes without saying to anyone with “common sense” and “moral values”…

People who drink and drive, (statistically) have fewer moral values than people who own assault rifles.

So what should we outlaw first? Hands and feet? Hammers and Clubs? ..Alcohol, ..or Vehicles?

Maybe we should just outlaw children? But then where would we get the next generation of liberal academics to screw up our lives?

Everyone, at least on the liberal and/or academic side are adamant about keeping guns out of schools, which of course (in my opinion) I believe that “they” are thinking more about themselves than about the children.

When hijackers began threatening the paying customers of America’s airlines, ..(in my opinion) “our” ..elected officials, although it took them some time, “they” (our) elected officials did finally get around to spending millions, ..if not billions of taxpayer dollars to protect the paying consumers of a private enterprise.

Not a good use of tax dollars from where I sit, ..and since I can only assume from where the rest of those like me who can’t afford an airline ticket sit?

But then what do I know? ..other than the fact that I’m sure that there are more people in America who have children, than there are people who can afford airline tickets.

security guard 1 

We protect airline passengers with X-rays in America…

 security guard 2

..we also protect the shoppers at major Shopping Malls with security guards.

Louisiana state prison

Hell, ..we even protect convicted murderers, ..rapists ..and thieves with security guards, ..armed security guards.

Are “our” children (not) worth as much as “our” shoppers and “our” criminals?

Think about it, I’ll be back tomorrow


Crusader Rabbit…

Does America really give a damn?

Sandy hook elementary 1a

On December 14, 2012, a young man with the given name of Adam (whether biblically inspired) or not, ..according to “behindthename.com,” ..(Adam) ..is the Hebrew word for “man.”

Interesting, ..although (at least in my opinion) ..not significant to the act of violence perpetrated against the 20 children and six adults that died at the resolution of Adam Lanza.

 nothing dark 1a

 Adam Lanza 

Protocol, and/or, ..alluding (to my personal opinion), ..I see nothing dark in the image above.

 cheerful 1a

Nancy Lanza 

Reiterating, ..and again alluding (to my personal opinion), ..in a single word; “Charming.”

In more than a single word; “An attractive charming woman.” That by no measure that I can justified, ..shouldn’t still be an attractive charming woman.

are guns to blame

 Of course the answer to my question is subjective…

According to Webster: “sub·jec·tive,” Particular to a given person; personal.

..depending on your personal opinion.

As a gun owner, collector, and advocate, ..I personally place no responsibility upon the gun or guns used by Adam Lanza.

Guns, and/or, (firearms) are inanimate…

According to Webster: “in·an·i·mate,” Not having the qualities associated with active, living organisms.

 China's terra-cotta Army 2

 Alluding to reality, guns, and/or, firearms, pose no more of a threat to humanity than China’s Terracotta Army…

 guardians of Easter Island

 ..or the guardians of Easter Island.

A real, ..an “eminent threat” to (humanity) ..is currently, ..not only supported by the ideology of the Democratic Party and the Obama administration, it is “totally” and “unambiguously” being ignored by “our” unrepentant left wing;  “Teleprompter Reading Buffoons,” ..and/or, ..America’s mainstream media.

Planned Parenthood…

When it comes to the human race, there is no single color or distinguishing feature to identify evil, ignorance or stupidity.

Evil, ignorance and stupidity are available in every hue, size, and ethnicity, as well as within every ideology.

Number of abortions in United States…

(Because reporting of abortions is not mandatory, statistics are of varying reliability. The Centers For Disease Control

(CDC) regularly compiles these statistics.)

they could have been contenders

 (They could’ve been Contenders).

 According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), since 1973, roughly 50 million legal induced abortions have been performed in the United   States.

A few statistics gleaned from (theblaze.com): …

2010, Murders in the U.S. by…

Rifles, 358

Shotguns, 373

Knives/blades, 1704

Hands, fists, and feet, 745.

Which of course, are not members that you can take to the bank, as there are hundreds, if not thousands of websites that publish statistics, and no two are the same.

According to Webster: “dys·func“tion·al,” Abnormal or impaired; – Deviating from the norms of social behavior in a manner regarded as inappropriate.

Human beings killing each other whether during the course of a liquor store robbery, in the heat of the moment during a domestic dispute, on a battlefield in Afghanistan or Iraq, in a schoolroom in Connecticut, or in a sterile clinic at the hands of a physician, people killing one another is inappropriate.

Of course, ..if you are one of those secular (neophytes) that doesn’t believe life is sacred and God-given? ..the next time someone T-bones you with an SUV at an intersection, ..or you feel a tightening in your chest, ..pull out your “I Don’t Believe” card so that “they” can  identify you in purgatory.

Enjoy the day, I’ll be back tomorrow


Crusader Rabbit…

Open letter..

open letter 1

According to Webster: “o·pen,” Affording unobstructed entrance and exit; not shut or closed.

When I “extricated” myself from my (sleep number) bed this morning, it was a full on competition between my hips in my neck for the title of; “Who hurts worse?”

A while ago I wrote a blog entitled; “Age has its Privileges.” Albeit not a favorite subject, age also has its “Drawbacks.”

But then I suppose considering the alternative, ..discovering “compromises” is a worthwhile endeavor. Which is why I’ve pretty much traded in my boots and my deer rifle for a pair of slippers and a keyboard.

 old boots 3a

According to Webster: “boot,” Protective footgear, made of leather, covering the foot and part or all of the leg.

 slippers 3a

According to Webster: “slip·per,” A low shoe that can be slipped on and off easily and usually worn indoors.

When I was younger, and/or, fit to spend the day wearing my boots and carry my deer rifle, (a tool) and/or, implement, that varied over the years from a trail worn Winchester model 94, in .32 Win. Spc. Caliber, a product that never gained enough popularity with the sporting public to continue in production into the 20th century.

Back in the day when a family acquired its ration of meat from the woods with a rifle instead of from Walmart with a debit card,…

 debit card 1

..prior to the turn-of-the-century before “smokeless” powder was widely available, ..a man fortunate enough to own a cartridge rifle, wasn’t always necessarily fortunate enough afford cartridges.

Accordingly, many found it expedient to reload their own cartridges, ..and sense “black powder” was not only cheaper but more readily available, ..most reloaded their cartridges with black powder.

Hence the rub! ..literally.

 black powder rifle 1a

As black powder.. (a chemical concoction of sulfur, charcoal, and potassium nitrate, ..and/or, (saltpetre), ..is a foul mixture, it leaves an “extremely” undesirable “coat of carbon” behind when it is ignited, ..a (coat of carbon) that is un-welcomed in the “precision barrels” designed by the folks at Winchester to work with smokeless powder.

So the good folks at Winchester created the .32 Winchester Special cartridge and the .32 Winchester Special model 94 with a bore diameter of .321 and a (1 in 16) twist instead of the (1 in 12) twist of it’s .30-30 with its .308 bore diameter.

A fun Question: How many of you are still with me?

Another Question: What does the bore diameter of a .32 Winchester Special have to do with politics?

 absolutely nothing 2 

There’s a lot more to life than disappointment and corruption, and/or, ..politics.

As an adolescent I conquered “Stony Point,” an outcropping of large rocks between Chatsworth, California, ..and the Simi Valley.

Of course, compared to Mount Everest, “Stony Point” would measure no more than a grain of sand, ..but then at the time, compared to Sir Edmund Hillary…

 Sir Edmund Hillary 1a 

(Sir Edmund Hillary).

 sandbox 1a

 (Two-year-old in a sandbox).

..my climbing accomplishments measured no more than that of a two-year-old in a sandbox.

Not implying that there is anything wrong with a sandbox, in fact, I spent a fair share of quality time in a sandbox. Life is good in a sandbox.

Albeit, life moves on, ..and as I recall my proclivity to learn what was beyond my sandbox, my yard, and the mountains in the distance, I eventually learned where life moves on to?

Life is good, ..(cherish it).  I’ll be back tomorrow


Crusader Rabbit…

Protocol, and/or, ..Standard Procedure.

protocol 2a

According to Webster: “pro·to·col,” Standard procedure.

By way of introduction, this morning’s (stimulating) offering, and/or, ..blather? ..is once again inspired by misinformation, in the form of a (forward) running rampant in cyberspace.

The subject; New (drug laws) that “mandate” drug testing for welfare recipients.

 the state seal 1

In a four-month period last year when Florida required welfare applicants to undergo drug testing, the program yielded no savings, caught few drug users, and did not affect the number of people who applied, “The New York Times” reports.

The program was halted after the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) of Florida sued the state to stop it. The group obtained state data that showed from July through October 2011, 2.6 percent of welfare applicants failed the drug test, and an additional 40 people did not take the test.

Applicants paid the cost of the test, an average of $30. If they passed, the state reimbursed them. The cost to Florida was $118,140 for drug tests, more than would have been paid out in benefits to those who failed the test, according to Derek Newton, Communications Director for the ACLU of Florida. He said the testing cost the government an additional $45,780.

(SidebarApparently, Derek Newton, Communications Director for the ACLU of Florida is not concerned about breaking the law if it saves money?

 Georgia flag 2

Georgia instituted a similar law this week. It is expected to face legal challenges. A number of other states are considering similar measures, according to the newspaper.

Florida state flag

Florida passed a bill earlier this year that would test state workers for drugs. Florida Governor Rick Scott is delaying implementation of the law in response to legal challenges.

The bill would be the first of its kind in the country. It would allow up to 10 percent of state employees to be randomly tested every three months. The measure also would make it easier to fire a worker who had a single confirmed positive drug test. (Source, drug-free.org).

 Utah State flag 1a

SALTLAKECITY (AP) – Utah began a divisive policy of drug testing welfare applicants Wednesday, but its measured approach underscores how carefully states are navigating the issue amid legal challenges that have blocked proposals elsewhere.

Other states have proposed drug testing every applicant, but in Utah, only those shown through a questionnaire to have a “reasonable likelihood” that they’re using drugs will need to take a drug test. And unlike in other states, applicants in Utah who fail the drug test can continue receiving benefits while seeking treatment.

The measure offers a possible blueprint for dozens of states that have debated proposals to deny benefits to welfare applicants who test positive for drugs – an idea that has become more appealing as states look for savings in tough budget years. (Source, ksl.com).

Republican lawmakers in three states this week said they will introduce legislation that would require welfare recipients to undergo drug testing in order to receive benefits.

 Ohio State flag 2

The Ohio State Senate held a second hearing Thursday night on a proposal to establish pilot drug-testing programs in three counties. Under the proposal, applicants would be required to submit a drug test if they disclose that they have used illegal substances. The proposal was first introduced in the spring, but pressure from opponents led Gov. John Kasich to squash the bill in May.

 Virginia flag 2a

Virginia Republicans are also reviving a bill that was shelved earlier this year. The 2012 version failed after the state estimated it would cost $1.5 million to implement while only saving $229,000. The bill’s sponsor, Delegate Dickie Bell, has not introduced the updated version yet, but says he’s found more cost effective options.

 Florida state flag

In Florida, Republicans found similar results when they enacted the drug testing requirement for welfare recipients. The plan, which was touted as a cost-saving measure, turned out to be so expensive that it ultimately cost the state an additional $45,780, even after savings from benefits that were denied to applicants who failed the tests. The measure failed to move forward in part because only 2.6% of applicants did not pass the test, a rate three times lower than the percentage of estimated of illegal drug users in Florida. The law has been temporarily blocked by a federal judge since October.

 Kansas State flag

A third drug testing bill is being in floated in Kansas where the rhetoric used to justify the policy focuses less on the potential costs, and more on the desire to help rehabilitate addicts.

Republican State Senate Vice President Jeff King, who predicts the legislation will be passed this year, said the law is not intended to be punitive, adding, “If folks test positive, we need to help them get help and help them get the job skills they need to kick the habit to get a job and keep a job.”

 Ohio State flag 2

The proposed Ohio legislation takes a similar approach, earmarking an additional $100,000 to go towards drug treatment programs.

Texas state flag 2

Ohio, Virginia, and Kansas are not the first states to take up the measure since Election Day. Lone Star State Gov. Rick Perry himself filed a bill in the Texas state legislature in mid-November, saying he wanted to keep Texas money out of the hands of drug dealers.

 Michigan State flag

Although it is on the books in a handful of states, a Michigan law requiring drug testing of welfare recipients was ruled unconstitutional nearly a decade ago, in a ruling that found it violates the Fourth Amendment’s protection against unreasonable searches. (Source, msnbc.com).

 United States flag

There’s nothing new about talking, ..and/or, ..(explicating) about ‘our” (illegal drug) problem in America, what would be new, ..would be “to” actually do something about ‘our” (illegal drug) problem in America.

The ACLU, although I’m sure they’re (well-meaning) in their own minds. (In my opinion) ..(they), ..the “ACLU” ..would better serve the America our founding fathers intended, than to serve the depravity and corruption that keeps slipping through the cracks.

(Illegal drugs), ..by any definition, ..fall into the “no brainer,” and/or, ..self explanatory category, ..by the preface, and/or, prefix, (illegal) ..illegal drugs, ..are (illegal) in America, what is not to understand?

Our (inequitable, ..and/or, indifferent) government, ..spends Millions, ..if not “Billions” ..of taxpayer’s dollars, “our” dollars, not their dollars, ..”they” have no dollars, ..that are not “our” dollars, ..every year on law enforcement at every level, City,  State and Federal, to stop the flow of (illegal drugs) into the United   States.

Cutting to the proverbial chase, I don’t purchase illegal drugs for myself. Accordingly, ..alluding to (nothing more) ..than my God given “common sense,” ..why would I sanction a system whereby even (one tax dollar) ..is placed into the hands, ..of even (one individual) ..who purchases illegal drugs?

Drug testing welfare recipients may indeed be an expensive undertaking, ..albeit I’ll bet cha a dollar, ..to a donut, ..that drug testing welfare recipients won’t cost as much as sending our children around the world with rifles and grenades, ..to keep the profits from “foreign oil” ..flowing into the pockets of (favored) “campaign contributors” ..already richer than King Midas.

Think about it, I’ll be back tomorrow


Crusader Rabbit…

Emulsification, ..and/or, ..to emulsify!

emulsification 2                    

Yeah, it’s going to be one of those days?

When a layman, ..and/or, average person is confronted with the word emulsification?

1932 Ford roadster 4a 

If the subject is an adult male, he will most likely recall the time he cracked the block on his 1932 Ford roadster.

 homemade mayonnaise 2

If the subject is an adult female with a knowledge of the culinary arts, her mind will jump straight to mayonnaise.

According to mixing.net: (..and yes, ..I was not aware until moments ago, ..that “mixing.net” ..even existed).

Definition: “Emulsions;” May be thermodynamically stable and may form spontaneously (micro-emotions).

Accordingly, to break it down into more understandable terms, let’s go to…


 Most emulsions are in a metastable state…


 meta-stability diagram 1a

Metastability describes the behaviour of certain physical systems that can exist in long lived states that are less stable than the system’s most stable state. (Source Wikipedia).

 thumbs up Smiley Face

(Now that we all understand metastability).

Let’s continue…

..and therefore depend on the state variables…

 temperature and composition1a

..and the preparation method (equipment/hydrodynamics and process method).

An emulsion is a mixture of two or more liquids that are normally immiscible (nonmixable or unblendable). (Source, Wikipedia).

At the end of the day, emulsification is simply blending two things together that don’t normally blend.

Take our current government for instance, (staunch liberal Democrats) trying to blend, and/or, negotiate, and/or, deal with (staunch conservative Republicans) ..takes us straight to blending oil and water.

Of course there’s no doubt that if we took our Congress and placed them in a “mixmaster” and set the RPM to maximum, we’d end up with a mix. Albeit, (at least in my opinion,) ..the result wouldn’t benefit America anymore than the separation of ideologies that we have now.

Question: So what does that tell us?

The Congress isn’t actually America’s problem. America, (at least for as the 71 years that I’ve resided on this planet,) our Congress has always been shared by liberal Democrats and conservative Republicans.

Question: So who does that leave?

 right in red

who are you calling stupid1a

 “Barack (Antithetical) Obama.” 

According to Webster: “an·ti·thet·i·cal,” Being in diametric opposition.

Barack Obama’s failure, ..and/or, his deliberate effort (not) to identify with his white half, (in my opinion) speaks volumes to his true character.

Obama feet on Desk 2

Not that I am in any way suggesting that folks with dark skin are all (reprehensible) and diabolically opposed to “common sense.”

Albeit, ..rather speaking to Barack Obama singularly, ..as the individual who will (set) in America’s catbird seat for another four years.

Of course again (in my humble opinion) judging by his first four years, (in my humble opinion) ..the term “sit” should be singled out as the dominant word in my previous paragraph.

According to Webster: “rep·re·hen·si·ble,” Deserving rebuke or censure; blameworthy.

Also, (in my opinion,) Barack Obama’s proclivity for putting his feet on “our” furniture is (at least to me) ..uncanny!


Was he raised by Vagabonds?

A better Question: Was “our” (egomaniacal) Commander-in-Chief taught any manners or values whatsoever as a child?

According to Webster: “e”·go·ma·ni“a·cal,” Obsessive or preoccupation with one’s self.

Again I reiterate, ..from Obama’s book; “Dreams from my Father,” ..in the introduction;

“They know too much, we have all seen too much, to take my parents brief union, a black man and a white woman, an African and an American, at face value.

When people who don’t know me well, black or white, discover my background (and it is usually a discovery, for (I ceased to advertise my mother’s race at the age of twelve or thirteen, when I began to suspect I was ingratiating myself to whites), I see the split-second adjustments they have to make, the searching of my eyes for some telltale sign. They no longer know who I am.

 Ann Dunham 1a

“I ceased to advertise my mother’s race at the age of twelve or thirteen, when I began to suspect I was ingratiating myself to whites.”

According to Webster: “in·gra·ti·at·ing,” To bring oneself  into the favor or good graces of another, especially by deliberate effort.

As presented in his book; “Dreams from my father.” Barack Obama is clearly embarrassed by the color of his mother’s skin, along with holding a perverse level of disdain, ..if not worse? ..for all white people.

Think about it, I’ll be back tomorrow


Crusader Rabbit…

In a Word, ..Haggard !

Haggard 1a

According to Webster: “hag·gard,” Appearing worn and exhausted; gaunt.

 dog digging 3

(Doing a little digging).

According to Curious Word Origins: “Haggard,”  The word first came into the English language in the 16th century, ..a “Haggard”, ..was a (hawk) that had been caught for training after it had taken on its adult plumage.

 Hawk 1a

(This meaning is still “extant” in Foul Country). 

According to Webster: “ex·tant,” Still in existence; not, lost, or extinct.

Adult Hawks are hard to tame so, “Haggard” ..came to mean anything (wild or feral.) It was only about 1850 that it came to be applied to people, ..at first to, “wild looking or “intractable” individuals.” (Source, tinyonline.co.uk).

According to Webster: “in·trac·ta·ble,” 1. Difficult to manage or govern; 2. Difficult to mold; 3. Difficult to alleviate, remedy, or cure.

(Sidebar). If that doesn’t describe a politician, (conservative or liberal) ..in (my opinion), ..nothing does.

With my proclivity for explanation, I’m sure that I’ve gone here before, ..albeit, (at least in my opinion) refreshing one’s “understanding” is never a bad thing.


dog digging 4

 (Digging a little Deeper).

I am your duly elected leader 2

A politician, political leader, or political figure… 

(from Classical Greek πόλις, “polis”)

..is a person who is involved in influencing public policy and decision making. This includes people who hold decision-making positions in government, and people who seek those positions, whether by means of election, inheritance, coup d’état, appointment, electoral fraud, conquest, divine right, or other means.

Politics is not limited to governance through public office. Political offices may also be held in corporations, and other entities that are governed by self-defined political processes or can be known as freedom fighters.

Public choice theory…

Public choice theory involves the use of modern economic tools to study problems that are traditionally in the province of political science.

(A more general term is “political economy”, an earlier name for “economics” that evokes its (practical and theoretical) origins but should not be mistaken for the Marxian use of the same term.)

In particular, it studies the behavior of voters, politicians, and government officials as (mostly) “self-interested” agents and their interactions in the social system either as such or under alternative constitutional rules.

Which can be represented a number of ways, including standard constrained utility maximization, game theory, or decision theory.

Public choice analysis has roots in positive analysis…

(“what is”)

..but is often used for normative purposes…

(“what ought to be”),

..to identify a problem or suggest how a system could be improved by changes in constitutional rules.

A key formulation of public choice theory is in terms of rational choice, the agent-based proportioning of scarce means to given ends. An overlapping formulation with a different focus is positive political theory.

Another related field is social choice theory. There are also Austrian variants of public choice theory…

(suggested by Mises,Hayek, Kirzner, Lopez, and Boettke)

..in which it is assumed that bureaucrats and politicians are benevolent but have access to limited information. (Source Wikipedia).

So just who in the hell are Mises, Hayek, Kirzner, Lopez and Boettke?

Ludwig Heinrich Edler von Mises (German: [ˈluːtvɪç fɔn ˈmiːzəs]; 29 September 1881 – 10 October 1973) was a philosopher, AustrianSchool economist, and classical liberal. He became a prominent figure in the AustrianSchool of economic thought and is best known for his work on praxeology. Fearing a Nazi takeover of Switzerland, where he was living at the time, Mises emigrated to the United States in 1940. Mises had a significant influence on the libertarian movement in the United States in the mid-20th century. (Source Wikipedia).

Friedrich August Hayek, (German: (8 May 1899 – 23 March 1992), born in Austria-Hungary as Friedrich August von Hayek and frequently known as F. A. Hayek, was a British economist and philosopher best known for his defense of classical liberalism.

In 1974, Hayek shared the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (with Gunnar Myrdal) for his “pioneering work in the theory of money and economic fluctuations and penetrating analysis of the interdependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena.”

Hayek is a major economist and political thinker of the twentieth century. Hayek’s account of how changing prices communicate information which enables individuals to coordinate their plans is widely regarded as an important achievement in economics. He also contributed to the fields of systems thinking, jurisprudence, neuroscience and the history of ideas.

Hayek served in World War I and said that his experience in the war and his desire to help avoid the mistakes that had led to the war led him to his career. Hayek lived in Austria, Great Britain, the United States and Germany, and became a British subject in 1938. He spent most of his academic life at the London School of Economics (LSE), the University of Chicago, and the University of Freiburg.

In 1984, he was appointed as a member of the Order of the Companions of Honour by Queen Elizabeth II on the advice of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher for his “services to the study of economics.” He also received the US Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1991 from president George H. W. Bush. In 2011, his article The Use of Knowledge in Society was selected as one of the top 20 articles published in the American Economic Review during its first 100 years. (Source Wikipedia).

Israel Meir Kirzner, (born February 13, 1930) is a leading economist in the AustrianSchool.

Kirzner’s major work is in the economics of knowledge and entrepreneurship and the ethics of markets. He is emeritus professor of economics at New YorkUniversity, and he is a leading authority on Ludwig von Mises’ thinking and methodology in economics.

Kirzner’s research on entrepreneurship economics is also widely recognized. In 2006, Kirzner received the Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research “for developing the economic theory emphasizing the importance of the entrepreneur for economic growth and the functioning of the capitalist process.”.

Due to his contribution to Economic theory, Universidad Francisco Marroquín granted him an Honorary Doctorate Degree.

UFM also named its KirznerEntrepreneurshipCenter in his honor. (Source Wikipedia).

Edward J. López is Research Fellow at The Independent Institute, BB&T Distinguished Professor of Capitalism at WesternCarolinaUniversity, and former President of the Association of Private Enterprise Education.

He earned a B.S. in economics from TexasA&MUniversity, and an M.A. and Ph.D in economics at GeorgeMasonUniversity in 1997. Before joining the faculty of San JoseStateUniversity in the fall of 2005, he held appointments at the University of North Texas, San JoseStateUniversity and GeorgeMasonUniversity, and he served as staff economist on the Joint Economic Committee of Congress. (Source, independent.org).

Peter Joseph Boettke (born January 3, 1960) is an American economist of the AustrianSchool.

He is currently a University Professor of Economics and Philosophy at GeorgeMasonUniversity; the BB&T Professor for the Study of Capitalism, Vice President for Research, and Director of the F.A. Hayek Program for Advanced Study in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics at the MercatusCenter at GMU. (Source Wikipedia).

Not to knock any of the previous (academic) gentleman’s credentials, albeit, ..being that I received my degree in B.S. (Bull-s–t) ..from “truck stops” between Southern California, and point east, ..and my Masters degree in economics by assuming a mortgage and raising a family, ..I admit to being a little short, ..and/or, ..lacking when it comes to “economic fluctuations,” ..and “penetrating analysis,” ..nevertheless, I know what the hell a loaf of bread cost these days,…

 too damned much

America, ..which hereinafter shall mean; “We the People,” desperately need to nip the political aspect of politics in the bud before we find ourselves (not just without) the freedom of speech and the freedom to keep and bear arms and the freedom from illegal search and seizure.

There are currently many men, women, and organizations, (all more educated than myself) ..predicting, not just a food shortage in America, ..but a food shortage around the world.

For those of you who may choose to believe that I’m just some old fool trying to “Chicken Little” you?

Fire up your laptop in Google farm reports and be specific; start with corn and wheat. 

corn and wheat 1

Don’t take my word for it…

Milton Friedman (July 31, 1912 – November 16, 2006) was an American economist, statistician, and author who taught at the University of Chicago for more than three decades.

He was a recipient of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, and is known for his research on consumption analysis, monetary history and theory, and the complexity of stabilization policy. As a leader of the Chicago school of economics, he influenced the research agenda of the economics profession.

A survey of economists ranked Friedman as the second most popular economist of the twentieth century behind John Maynard Keynes, and The Economist described him as “the most influential economist of the second half of the 20th century…possibly of all of it.”

Friedman’s challenges to what he later called “naive Keynesian” (as opposed to New Keynesian) theory began with his 1950s reinterpretation of the consumption function, and he became the main advocate opposing activist Keynesian government policies.

In the late 1960s he described his own approach (along with all of mainstream economics) as using “Keynesian language and apparatus” yet rejecting its “initial” conclusions.

During the ‘60s he promoted an alternative macroeconomic policy known as “monetarism”. He theorized there existed a “natural” rate of unemployment, and argued that governments could increase employment above this rate (e.g., by increasing aggregate demand) only at the risk of causing inflation to accelerate. He argued that the Phillips curve was not stable and predicted what would come to be known as stagflation.

Though opposed to the existence of the Federal Reserve, Friedman argued that, given that it does exist, a steady, small expansion of the money supply was the only wise policy.

Friedman was an economic adviser to Republican U.S. President Ronald Reagan. His political philosophy extolled the virtues of a free market economic system with minimal intervention. He once stated that his role in eliminating U.S. conscription was his proudest accomplishment, and his support for school choice led him to found The Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice.

In his 1962 book Capitalism and Freedom, Friedman advocated policies such as a volunteer military, freely floating exchange rates, abolition of medical licenses, a negative income tax, and education vouchers. His ideas concerning monetary policy, taxation, privatization and deregulation influenced government policies, especially during the 1980s. His monetary theory influenced the Federal Reserve’s response to the 2007–2012 global financial crisis.

Milton Friedman’s works include many monographs, books, scholarly articles, papers, magazine columns, television programs, videos, and lectures, and cover a broad range of topics of microeconomics, macroeconomics, economic history, and public policy issues. His books and essays were widely read, and have had an international influence, including in former Stalinist states.

 Milton Friedman quote 

Obama left to his own devices, ..will do everything in his power to destroy America. 

Think about it, I’ll be back tomorrow


Crusader Rabbit…

Previous Older Entries