Developing..

According to Webster: de·vel·op·ing, (in context) 1. to bring from latency to or toward fulfillment: 2. To improve the quality of; refine.

According to Webster: la·ten·cy, 1. The state or quality of being latent. 2. The psychoanalytic stage of development, from about five years to puberty.

According to Webster: ful·fill“ment, To bring into actuality.

America, ..although 235 years old, ..is still “a developing” Nation and how it develops is dependent upon its citizens.

Question: What is a citizen?

According to Webster: cit·i·zen, 1. A person owing loyalty to and entitled by birth or naturalization to the protection of a state or nation. 2. A resident of a city or town, especially one entitled to vote and enjoy other privileges there. 3. A civilian. 4. A native, inhabitant, or denizen of a particular place.

Question: What is an American citizen?

Citizenship in the United Statesis a status given to individuals that entails specific rights, duties, privileges, and benefits between the United States and the individual. Citizenship is a legal marker identifying a person as having a bundle of rights, including the right to live and work in the United States and to receive federal assistance and government services. Most persons who undergo naturalization do so to get permission to live and work in the nation legally. American law permits multiple citizenship, so a citizen of another country may retain their native citizenship after becoming a citizen of the United States. The reverse is not necessarily true, however; one cannot always maintain U.S. citizenship after attaining citizenship of another country. Citizenship can be renounced by citizens, and it can also be restored.

In accordance with the Citizenship Clause, part of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, citizenship may be acquired automatically at birth or through the process of naturalization: “All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.” The Constitution, in Article One, gives to Congress the power “To establish a uniform rule of naturalization.” (Source Wikipedia)

Accordingly, now that we know what a citizen is, to include an American citizen, we understand that a citizen is simply an individual who was born in a particular country, or and individual who chose to follow the protocols to become a citizen of a particular country.

Citizens are people, and since people, all people began as children let’s explore what it is to be a child?

“Child development stages describe theoretical milestones of child development. Many stage models of development have been proposed, used as working concepts and in some cases asserted as nativist theories.

This article puts forward a general model based on the most widely accepted developmental stages. However, it is important to understand that there is wide variation in terms of what is considered “normal,” driven by a wide variety of genetic, cognitive, physical, family, cultural, nutritional, educational, and environmental factors. Many children will reach some or most of these milestones at different times from the norm.

1–4 months

Physical

  • Head and chest circumference are nearly equal to the part of the abdomen.
  • Eyes begin moving together in unison (binocular vision).

 Motor development

  • Rooting and sucking reflexes are well developed.
  • Raises head and upper body on arms when in a prone position.

 4–8 months

Physical

  • Head and chest circumferences are basically equal.
  • True eye color is established.

 Motor development

  • Reflexive behaviors are changing:
  • Cannot understand “no” or “danger”

 8–12 Months

Physical

  • Respiration rates vary with activity
  • Can see distant objects (4 to 6 m or 13 to 20 ft away) and points at them.

Motor development

  • Reaches with one hand leading to grasp an offered object or toy.
  • Imitates activities like playing drum

Toddlers (12–24 months)

Physical

  • Weight is now approximately 3 times the child’s birth weight.
  • Body shape changes; takes on more adult-like appearance; still appears top-heavy; abdomen protrudes, back is swayed.

Motor development

  • Crawls skillfully and quickly.
  • Stands alone with feet spread apart, legs stiffened, and arms extended for support.

Cognitive development

  • Enjoys object-hiding activities
  • Enjoys looking at picture books.
  • Shows increasing understanding of spatial and form discrimination: puts all pegs in a pegboard; places three geometric shapes in large formboard or puzzle.

Language

  • Produces considerable “jargon”: puts words and sounds together into speech-like (inflected) patterns.
  • Follows simple directions, “Give Daddy the cup.”
  • When asked, will point to familiar persons, animals, and toys.
  • Seems aware of reciprocal (back and forth) aspects of conversational exchanges; some turn-taking in other kinds of vocal exchanges, such as making and imitating sounds.

Social

  • less wary of strangers.
  • Exceedingly curious about people and surroundings; toddlers need to be watched carefully to prevent them from getting into unsafe situations.

Two year old

Physical

  • Posture is more erect; abdomen still large and protruding, back swayed, because abdominal muscles are not yet fully developed.
  • Brain reaches about 80 percent of its adult size.

Motor development

  • Can walk around obstacles and walk more erect
  • Uses feet to propel wheeled riding toys.

Cognitive

  • Eye–hand movements better coordinated; can put objects together, take them apart; fit large pegs into pegboard.
  • Tells about objects and events not immediately present (this is both a cognitive and linguistic advance).
  • Expresses more curiosity about the world.

Language

  • Realizes language is effective for getting desired responses.
  • Is able to verbalize needs.

Social and emotional

  • Shows signs of empathy and caring: comforts another child if hurt or frightened; appears to sometimes be overly affectionate in offering hugs and kisses to children
  • Temper tantrums likely to peak during this year; extremely difficult to reason with during a tantrum.

Three year old

Physical

  • Growth is steady though slower than in first two years.

Motor development

  • Walks up and down stairs unassisted, using alternating feet; may jump from bottom step, landing on both feet.

Cognitive development

  • Listens attentively to age-appropriate stories.

Four year old

Physical Development

  • Head circumference is usually not measured after age three.

Motor Development

  • Walks a straight line (tape or chalk line on the floor).
  • Runs, starts, stops, and moves around obstacles with ease.

Cognitive

  • A few children are beginning to read simple books, such as alphabet books with only a few words per page and many pictures.
  • Likes stories about how things grow and how things operate.

Language

  • Uses the prepositions “on,” “in,” and “under.”
  • States first and last name, gender, siblings’ names, and sometimes own telephone number.

Social development

  • Outgoing; friendly; overly enthusiastic at times.
  • Establishes close relationships with playmates; beginning to have “best” friends.

Five year old

Physical

  • Head size is approximately that of an adult’s.

Motor development

  • Walks unassisted up and down stairs, alternating feet.
  • Hand dominance is fairly well established.

Cognitive

  • Understands concept of same shape, same size.
  • Recognizes numerals from 1 to 10.
  • Many children know the alphabet and names of upper- and lowercase letters.
  • Asks innumerable questions: Why? What? Where? When?

Language development

  • Vocabulary of 1,500 words plus.

Social development

  • Enjoys and often has one or two focus friendships.
  • Participates in group play and shared activities with other children; suggests imaginative and elaborate play ideas.
  • Boasts about accomplishments.

Six year old

Physical

  • Weight gains reflect significant increases in muscle mass.
  • Heart rate and respiratory rates are close to adults.

Motor development

  • Gains greater control over large and fine motor skills; movements are more precise and deliberate, though some clumsiness persists.

Language

  • Can identify right and left hands fairly consistently.

Social and emotional

  • Uses language rather than tantrums or physical aggression to express displeasure: “That’s mine! Give it back, you dummy.”
  • Talks self through steps required in simple problem-solving situations (though the “logic” may be unclear to adults).

Wadda ya think, ..so far so good?

So let’s move on to adolescence…

Adolescence (from Latin: adolescere meaning “to grow up”) is a transitional stage of physical and mental human development generally occurring between puberty and legal adulthood (age of majority), but largely characterized as beginning and ending with the teenage stage. According to Erik Erikson’s stages of human development, for example, a young adult is generally a person between the ages of 20 and 40, whereas an adolescent is a person between the ages of 13 and 19. Historically, puberty has been heavily associated with teenagers and the onset of adolescent development.

However, the start of puberty has had somewhat of an increase in preadolescence (particularly females, as seen with early and precocious puberty), and adolescence has had an occasional extension beyond the teenage years (typically in males) compared to previous generations. These changes have made it more difficult to rigidly define the time frame in which adolescence occurs.

The end of adolescence and the beginning of adulthood varies by country and by function, and furthermore even within a single nation-state or culture there can be “different ages” at which an individual is considered to be (chronologically and legally) “mature enough” to be “entrusted” by society with certain tasks.

Such “milestones” include, but are not limited to, driving a vehicle, having legal sexual relations, serving in the armed forces or on a jury, purchasing and drinking alcohol, voting, entering into contracts, completing certain levels of education, and marrying.

Adolescence is usually accompanied by an increased independence allowed by the parents or legal guardians and less supervision, contrary to the preadolescence stage. (Source Wikipedia)

(Sidebar) If I may, I would like to inject another “milestone” into the mix of criteria applicable to adulthood; “The maturity required to perform the duties of the President of the United States.

According to Webster: cri·te·ri·a, A standard, rule, or test on which a judgment or decision can be based.

Think about it, I’ll be back tomorrow

Crusader Rabbit…

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: